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Cichorium intybus

Cichorium-intybus

Characteristics of the plant Cichorium intybus L.

Cichorium intybus is a bushy perennial herb with blue or lavender flowers from Asteraceae family. It is common in the low parts of the country, near roads, in dry meadows and as a weed in the wheat fields. The plant holds a wealth of polyphenols, organic acids, mineral acids, fructans, coumarin derivatives and other phytochemicals.* The root contains mainly inulin and intybin, and the milk sap of the leaf and stem contain sesquterpene lactones, lactucin and lactupicrin. The aerial part of the plant is a source of coumarins – esculin, esculetin and cichoriin, flavonoids – apigenin and routin, hickory acid, santonin and others.

In traditional medicine, the Chicory has been used as a brew, internally for support of liver health, kidney health, and splenic function, and externally in cases of minor skin rash.*

Definition: Product from the aerial part of the plant Cichorium intybus.

Characteristics: Green brown to brown amorphous powder with specific odour, slightly soluble in water and in ethanol 50%.

Identification: A, B, C
A: Coumarins – colour reaction
B: Flavonoids – colour reaction
C: Tannic compounds (tanins) – colour reaction

Testing for purity:
pH (10% solution): 4.0 to 7.0
Sulphated ash, %, not more than: 10.0
Heavy metals, %, not more than: 0.001
Loss on drying, %, not more than: 5.0

Content of active substancies:
Coumarins, determined as esculin, %: 9.0 to 11.0
Flavonoids, determined as apigenin, %: 7.0 to 8.5
Tannic compounds, determined as tanin, %: 4.5 to 5.5

Control: The qualitative indices of the product are controlled in accordance to company documentation, where are included assay methods and their validity concerning linearity and repetition.

Storage: At a temperature of 20 – 25oC.

Shelf life: 3 (three) years from the date of production.

Application: It is used alone or in combination with other plant extracts in production of food or feed additives.

 

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Cichorium-intybus2

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.